Signs of Infertility in Women

Fertility Advice

Signs of Infertility in Women

If you’re having problems conceiving, it could be a sign of infertility. But the inability to get pregnant is only one, albeit the most important, sign of infertility in women. There are actually many symptoms to show that you’re infertile.

While some of these signs could indicate a serious medical problem, requiring medical treatment, others are less dangerous and are usually curable with natural remedies and simple changes in your diet and lifestyle. More often than not, there are either none or very few overtly visible symptoms of infertility in women.

Problems with your menstrual cycle

Any issues with your menstrual cycle could be a sign of infertility. So if your periods are delayed beyond 35 days or more, or if your menstrual cycle is too short (less than 21 days), it’s a sign of worry for women seeking to conceive. Irregular or absent periods could also indicate infertility as these could be a signal for a lack of ovulation.

Excessive cramping during your periods may also be suggestive of infertility. In fact, any unpredictable or unusual menstrual behavior needs immediate attention and should not be ignored.

This means you need to visit your doctor if your bleeding is either too light or too heavy. Also if there is notable variation in the bleeding pattern, color or duration month on month, as this could be a possible sign of infertility.

If your menstruation is too pale or too dark and clotted, it could be a sign of infertility, including mid-cycle bleeding or dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation), which is also unhealthy for any woman wanting to conceive.  If you notice any of these signs of infertility it would be wise to schedule an appointment with your doctor.

Pain during sex and menstruation

If you’re suddenly finding sexual intercourse to be painful it could be a sign of infertility and a medical examination to diagnose the reason for pain would be best. Pain during sexual intercourse could also be due to endometriosis, wherein the tissue that is supposed to grow in the uterus starts growing in other parts of the body.

This causes obstruction of the fallopian tube or otherwise prevents the sperm from uniting with the egg. Such a growth can also affect the uterus lining, impacting implantation of the fertilized egg.

Obstruction in the fallopian tubes is a major cause for infertility among women and may cause pelvic or abdominal pain, especially during periods. A blocked or damaged fallopian tube prevents the sperm from reaching the egg as sperm travels through the fallopian tubes into the uterus.

Blockage of the fallopian tube can be the result of many possible factors, including Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID). A prior surgery in the abdomen or pelvis can also lead to such blockage as a result of a fertilized egg getting implanted and developing in a fallopian tube instead of the uterus. Blockages can cause infections and genital infections are also a sign of infertility.

Uterine or cervical problems could also be a cause of your pain, indicating infertility due to interference with implantation or increased risk of miscarriage. Uterus fibroids or polyps, which are usually benign, can sometimes block the fallopian tubes or prevent proper implantation. This may lead to infertility in many instances.

There are also cases in which an inherited malformation or damage to the cervix may lead to cervical stenosis or a cervical narrowing. Alternatively, if the cervix doesn’t produce proper mucus, the sperm’s course through it to the uterus may get disrupted. So any cervical problem could well be a sign of infertility.

Abdominal bloating and painful bowel movements

Ovarian cysts and Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), also known to be factors behind infertility, often show up as abdominal bloating or painful bowel movements. The formation of an ovarian cyst (fluid-filled sacs) in the ovaries is another sign that you could be having fertility problems.

An ovarian cyst prevents the egg from being released or from dissolving after its release. If you’re suffering from PCOS, your chances of infertility increase. PCOS works by causing a hormonal imbalance, thereby affecting ovulation.

Known to be one of the most common causes of infertility in women, PCOS can be diagnosed through several physical signs such as obesity, acne, or abnormal growth of hair on the face or body. Painful menstruation or pain during sexual intercourse, nausea, breast tenderness and vomiting are other signs that you may be suffering from ovarian cysts or PCOS.

Successive miscarriages

Having a miscarriage isn’t normal, completing the pregnancy is. So if you’ve had successive miscarriages, especially three in a row or more, you need to consult your doctor to check for your fertility levels. Though miscarriages are not uncommon, recurrent ones may require diagnostic and medical intervention.

Body temperature changes

An easy way to check if you’re suffering from infertility is to take your body temperature measurement every morning. Ovulation causes the body temperature to rise a little and if no such temperature change is noticeable, then there are chances that you may have a fertility problem.

Hormonal changes in the body

If your infertility is related to hormonal problems, the symptoms may include skin changes such as more acne, changes in sexual desire and drive, growth of dark hair around your lips, chest and chin, loss of hair and weight gain.

Being overweight or excessively thin, which means your Body Mass Index (BMI) is not right, could well be because of your infertility. If your BMI is above the range that’s acceptable for your height, that could be a sign that you may struggle with conceiving. Any substantial changes in weight or having an abnormal BMI need to be checked out at the earliest opportunity as they could be signs of infertility in women.


Sometimes infertility has no overt signs, making it difficult to diagnose the root of the problem. There could, in fact, be multiple factors working at the same time to cause infertility in a woman. While some of these factors may get translated into visible symptoms, there may be others that are more subtle and rarely show signs if any.

The most common symptoms of a fertility problem are irregular periods or other complications in the menstrual cycle. Repeated miscarriage is also an important sign when it comes to diagnosing female infertility. Pain in the abdomen and pelvic region is another sign you’d do well not to ignore if you’re having problems getting pregnant.

Lisa Olson’s Pregnancy Miracle video and e-book is your window to understanding the various symptoms of infertility, and curing them holistically.

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