Ovulation Signs, Symptoms, OPK’s and Tracking

Ovulation Tracking

Ovulation Signs, Symptoms, OPK’s and Tracking

Understanding ovulation and monthly cycle is useful for any woman who wants to get pregnant. According to medical experts, for a woman who is trying to conceive, ovulation is the single most important. Women with no ovulation or with irregular, infrequent ovulation will have difficulties conceiving or may even find it downright impossible.

What is ovulation?

One of ovaries releases a mature egg each month. Then, the egg will travel down through one of the Fallopian tubes. In case the egg is fertilized, it reaches the uterus. The lining of the uterus thickens and the egg settles in the rich lining. The egg can only survive for an interval between 12 and 24 hours. In case that the egg is not fertilized, the woman is having her period and sheds the uterine lining.

Fertile Days

The majority of women are most fertile on ovulation day itself and in the five days before ovulation. Cycle lengths may vary, but usually 14 days prior to the onset of the next period ovulation occurs. It is difficult to know the exact moment when the egg will be released. However, after you have sex sperm can stick around for up to seven days. This means that, counting the first day of your period as Day 1, the best period for conceiving is from Day 11 to Day 16.

Ovulation Signs & Symptoms

There are some women who claim they can feel their ovulation, somehow like cramps on one side of the body or a backache. Those women who have regular periods will ovulate each month around the same time. However, for women who just stopped oral contraceptives if can take a few months in order to figure out again their cycle.

Some women chart their basal body temperature, look for changes in cervical mucus, or rely on ovulation predictor kits. If you are using a basal body thermometer, you have to take a reading every morning at the same time, before you get out of bed. A slightly higher temperature indicates that ovulation occurred within the past 12 to 24 hours. You’ll get to know better your body’s patterns after a few months of charting. Then, you may be able to predict with greater accuracy the best days to have sex and your most fertile windows. You can also find online some free apps and graphs that help you to chart your temperature over time.

Ovulation & Hormones

The first part of the ovulation cycle consists in the follicular phase. This phase continues to ovulation, after starting the first day of the last menstrual period. It can last anywhere from 7 to 30 days, differing from woman to woman. The second phase is called the luteal phase. This is, perhaps, the most important phase of ovulation cycles, typically lasting only 12-16 days from the day of ovulation.

Pregnant During Your Period

Remaining pregnant during your period it is possible, but unlikely to happen. Sperm is able to survive for five or six days in the Fallopian tubes. The sperm could survive until ovulation for women who tend to have long periods or have a short cycle and have sex on the last day of their period.

Chances of Getting Pregnant

Chances of getting pregnant by month depend on your age. Statistically, the younger women have higher chances of conceiving each month. For instance, with each cycle a 25 years old woman or younger has about a 20 to 25 percent chance of conceiving. The chances of conceiving monthly drop to 15 percent by age 30 and are less than 10 percent by age 35.

After stopping birth control pills, couples can try to conceive right way. However, usually in this case successful conception may still take several months.

Traditionally, women have been advised to see a fertility doctor if they were not able to get pregnant after 12 months of unprotected intercourse accurately timed. However, more recently fertility doctors advise women to have a checkup after trying to conceive for just six months. This advice is even more imperative for women with risk factors of infertility or over 35 years old. Before even attempting to get pregnant, women with irregular cycles are recommended to receive preconception counseling from a fertility doctor.

Ovulation Predictor Kits (OPK)

An easy way for women to keep track of their potential ovulation dates is using ovulation predictor kits are. Standard kits are designed to detect the luteinizing hormone (LH) in urine. A surge of this hormone is associated with ovulation. Women are recommended to start testing in the days leading up to the expected fertile period, since ovulation usually occurs within 24 to 36 hours of the LH surge. In order to determine peak times to have intercourse, advanced ovulation predictor kits also measure estrogen levels. In order to determine peak times to have intercourse, advanced ovulation predictor kits also measure estrogen levels.

Ovulation Symptoms

Ovulation pain is fairly common. It can be a sharp twinge or a dull ache lasting anywhere from just minutes to 24 hours. The pain can be treated effectively with over-the-counter pain relievers, being usually mild. However, some women experience a more intense pain. In this case, a physician’s evaluation might be necessary. In this case, a physician’s evaluation might be necessary.

It is unclear why ovulation pain occurs. Some believe that that the pain is related to the bleeding in the ovary, while others think that the discomfort is caused by the enlargement of the egg before release. In case that the pain is severe, not responding well to over-the-counter medication or affecting daily activities, it should be further investigated. If the pay is accompanied by vomiting or fever, or it lasts longer than a day, it is advised to seek medical attention immediately.

Ovulation & Basal Temperature

Many women try to properly time intercourse each cycle by charting their basal body temperature. The baseline temperature of a non-ovulating woman is between 36.2 and 36.5 Deg C. Right around the time of ovulation, her basal body temperature will dip below the baseline one day and spike above the next.

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